AJ/Sociology 124 Administration of Justice  106 Anthropology 102 Sociology 101 Sociology 102 HUMANITARIAN AID LADAKH CHANGPAS JAMANAWA PIRAHA SURUWAHA 




(Outlined in black)

Overlooking the city of Leh, is the nine storey Leh Palace which was the royal residence of Tshi Namgyal, the first king of Ladakh. Pictured on the right, silhouetted against the sky are Victory Fort and the temple of Namgyal Tsemo.

City Scenes


View from Leh Palace of the patchwork farms surrounding the city.  Ladakhi farmers utilize the rich soil of these alluvial (soil) fans jutting out from the Himalayan mountains to plant their vegetable gardens and field crops.


Ladakhi fields and home gardens

                       Below are house gardens and a woman walking among her mustard plants.

Barley and wheat are the principal field crops.  Peas and turnips in small gardens.



Above is a small farm located near the head waters of the Indus River and resident family members cleaning fine, soft pashm wool, which is the growth under the shaggy hair of the pashmina goat. The raw material  will be sold and sent to Kashmir and woven into cashmere shawls and scarves. 

Typical dress of Ladakhi women. (Left) Common apparel on the streets of Leh.  (Middle) Women dressed for celebration during traditional dance.  (Right) Working apparel while in the garden.


For formal wear, this lady is wearing her peyrak, the traditional headdress.  This is a long strip of leather which is covered with cloth to which are stitched rows of turquoises stones graded in order of size, together with an amulet box and silver chains.  By custom, a mother hands her peyrak down to her eldest daughter when she marries, insuring that the family wealth remains in the wife's possession.


Tikse Monastery

Several miles south of Leh is Tikse Monastery (gompa), which was founded by Sherab Zangpo and his disciples in the 15th Century AD.  Tikse is one of the largest and most impressive of the central Ladakh monasteries.  Its library contains an important collection of Tibetan books and exhibits an excellent collection of Tibetan/Buddhist artwork.  The roof-terrace provides the observer with a wonderful view of the fields and villages of Ladakh's most extensive fertile valley.


Found within the central prayer room of the now deserted and deteriorating Leh Palace is this beautifully adorned and gilded Buddha. 

On the right is a picture of Buddhist monks assembled for a puja, which consist of rhythmic prayer, chanting, music and ritual offerings.




Ladakhi families will often encourage a young son to become a monk.  The relationship between the family and monastery thus becomes one of interdependence.  The lamas provide religious services which benefits the families, (villagers), in different ways, while the villagers will provide for the material well-being of the family member and the monastery which he belongs.

















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